Answer by Kundan Sirsat:
Ajanta & Ellora Caves (Aurangabad)
The Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state of India are about 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments which date from the 2nd century BCE to about 480 or 650 CE.
The caves include paintings and sculptures described by the government Archaeological Survey of India as "the finest surviving examples of Indian art, particularly painting",which are masterpieces of Buddhist religious art, with figures of the Buddha and depictions of the Jataka tales and also have some elements of Hindu and jain culture.
The caves were built in two phases starting around the 2nd century BCE, with the second group of caves built around 400–650 CE. The site is a protected monument in the care of the Archaeological Survey of India,and since 1983, the Ajanta Caves have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
You can read more about it here.
What is the mystery behind it.?
- Everything is made out of one single mountain rock.
- How it can be possible to carve 75 feet granite cliff more than 2000 years ago. Engineers are baffled with this thought that, it can't be done even today with the help of modern technology.
- Caves are Positioned according to celestial activities, (horse shoe) as per sun positioning.
- suptas of are planned in such way that it will follow celestial activities.
- Cave 19 oriented towards winter solstice it means on the day of winter solstice, the morning sunlight would filter through this large window in the facade and sunlight it self illuminate the stupa.
- Cave 26 oriented towards summer solstice light will filter through facade and strike the stupa.
- How they perfectly oriented solstice more than 2000 years ago.
- How did they tunnel the entire rock, Without aid of some high tech equipment?
- How can man carve such small opening (Drainage line) when it is impossible to enter there, forget about carving.
- Archaeologists yet to find any debris stones, which must have been produced after this tremendous work.
Kailasa temple of Shiva ( Aurangabad)
- The temple is constructed not by adding blocks of stone but entire mountain was carved in to one single temple. And the most important it is only temple which is carved from top to bottom." Cut of monolith".
( see the pillar, it was carved from top to bottom, imagine the level of difficulty to cut the rock around it.)
- Around 4000000 tonnes of rock is removed, it would take centuries to move such debris in today's world.
- Historians has no record of where the debris was disposed.
- Build in 18 years. 756-774CE is it possible for human to carry out such work ? 22000 tonnes of rock Every year. 60 tonnes of rock every day. not possible even today.
- Aurangzeb employed more than 1000 peoples to destroy this temple but failed to do so. He gave up later with minimal damage.
- It also has bridges to connect towers, rain water harvesting system, drainage systems, secret peek holes, balcony, stairs ways. were made all From a single stone.
Apart from the all the facts above it was also notable the quality and precision put in the smallest carvings.
The paintings still have the solid colour balance.
It is also notable that the symmetry of the work, it
is not even possible today to build such phenomenal structure from one solid rock.
There are many unanswered questions about this caves and kailasa temple. There are no scientific evidence's either. Therefore "it was a mystery and it will be a mystery forever"
(I personally visited the place and came out full of curiosity, how it can be possible, It was an amazing experience I had, everyone must visit this place at least once.)